As educators, we need to have realistic expectations about how quickly a student will learn a second language (L2). We also need to understand there are many factors that can determine this, some of which are: what language people are speaking around them; age of arrival in the new language setting; how much education the learner has, how different the first language (L1) and the L2 are, age of initial instruction, hours of instruction, quality of that instruction and much more! Here are a few general findings of Dixon et al. (2012):
(Dixon, L.Q., Zhao, J., Shin, J., Wu, Su, J. Burgess-Brigham, R., Gezer, M.U., and Snow, C. (2012). What we know about second language acquisition: A synthesis from four perspectives. Review of Educational Research 82(1), pp. 5-60).
Everyday ELL is now Every Language Learner.