Categories and Examples


Tip: Categories and Examples

How do I do it?
Based on the topic of study, choose 2-5 categories for that topic.  Create a large chart with columns headed with the categories you choose.  Next direct pairs to work together with one post-it and make an example for that category in words or drawing. For example in a unit on nutrition, you might choose the categories fruits, grains, vegetables, dairy & protein.  Or, when studying forms of government, categories could be: dictatorship, democracy, oligarchy etc.  Students (in groups or individually) then draw or write an example of one of the categories of their choosing and post it.  Discuss the examples offered and make any changes necessary. 

Variations & Extensions:
Have individual students keep a record of the whole class chart.  Small groups can take the examples for each category and summarize what the class knows about that category based on the post-it examples given.  For beginning proficiency students, give them a selection of picture cards labelled with the corresponding words to place on the chart as examples.

Common Core ELA Language Standard 5
Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.

Tricia Gallagher-Geurtsen
Tricia Gallagher-Geurtsen


1 Comment


February 07, 2013

I observed an ELL silcpaeist at work with a student who moved her from South Korea 6 monthes ago. He spends an hour and a half with him 3 times a week. Rather than just going through English-learning activities, he works with him on his school work, re-teaching lessons and helping him study for tests through more visual methods. They came up with vocabulary words used in the classroom also. I think this was really helpful because he is learning academic language using the real contexts he will hear it in and he is also getting extra time on the school work he may be struggling with in class.The comment about the social experience is also very true. I think one of the best ways for anyone to learn a language is to make friends and speak it! These kids need the opportunity to be social and have time to be normal. Filling up their before and after school schedules with tutoring and extra English classes prevents them from being able to join extracurricular activities. The ELL silcpaeist I observed commented that the biggest improvement in his student’s language came after he joined the soccer team. Interacting with peers helped teach him vocabulary that can be extended into the classroom.

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