How do I do it?
Rhymes and word-play are a great way for students gain fluency practice the sounds of language. Take a jump-rope rhyme or chant and revise it to fit any topic. For example, the following rhyme, when changed to retell a story, prompts students to determine a central idea and key details:
“Cinderella, dressed in yellow, went upstairs to kiss a fella.
Made a mistake and kissed a snake.
How many doctors did it take?
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6...etc.”
Use the frame
(Main character), (description of character), (key action/event of character).
(Problem) and (action related to problem)
(Pose a question that shows the outcome or solution)?
(count, name key events, repeat a evaluative judgement/ or moral etc.)
“Big Bad Wolf, dressed like Grandma, waited inside to scare Red Riding Hood.
Was so surprised, to meet the Woodsman.
How many lessons did she learn?
Never. Talk. To. Strangers.”
Variations & Extensions
Use other rhymes and chants or song lyrics that students are familiar with, determine the general form and structure, and re-write them based on other texts students are reading.
Common Core ELA Reading Standard 2
Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details and ideas.
Everyday ELL is now Every Language Learner.